Do you avoid hot or cold drinks because they make your teeth hurt? If so, you have sensitive teeth. Tooth sensitivity is a layman’s term for dentin hypersensitivity or root sensitivity.
It is a common dental problem that give you discomfort or pain in your teeth when you encounter certain substance and temperatures.
WHAT CAUSES SENSITIVE TEETH?
Don’t panic. Tooth sensitivity is very common and it can happen to anyone. In fact, it has been estimated that roughly half of the population experiences tooth sensitivity. It can come and go. There’s a layer of enamel that protects the crowns of your teeth. Under the gum line is a layer called cementum which protects the tooth root. Underneath both is the dentin. Dentin contains microscopic tubules filled with tiny nerve endings. When the dentin is exposed, tooth sensitivity happens.
Sensitive teeth can be caused by the following dental issues:
- Over brushing (Read: How to brush for better Oral Hygiene)
- Using an aggravating toothpaste can lead to abrasion of the tooth’s enamel surface and exposes dentin.
- Having an acidic diet which cause tooth erosion and dissolve the tooth surface, leaving the dentin exposed.
- Gum recession that leaves your root surface exposed. People suffering from periodontal diseases get this often.
- Grinding your teeth at night.
HOW CAN I PREVENT TOOTH SENSITIVTY?
Maintaining a good oral hygiene will help prevent receding gums and periodontal disease. Dentist recommends properly brushing and flossing and using a low abrasion toothpaste to help lessen the chances of having tooth sensitivity. Ignoring your sensitive teeth may lead to other oral health problems, especially if the pain makes your brush poorly, leaving cavities behind that causes tooth decay and possibly gum disease.
WHAT TO DO IF I HAVE SENSITIVE TEETH?
The first thing you should do is tell your dentist or hygienist. This is the first step in finding relief from the pain of your sensitive teeth. They will help you and give you the best treatment for your sensitive teeth. If you suffer from more serious problem rather than dentin hypersensitivity, you should make sure to tell your dentist about it.
There different treatment available, and each dentist have their favourites that they would most likely to recommend to their patients. Teeth varies and so does the treatment for tooth sensitivity, there is no single treatment option that works for everyone.
These are some treatments you can do at home:
- Use desensitizing toothpaste. There are a lot of toothpaste brands for your sensitive teeth available. Your dentist might recommend you one or make you to try different products to find out the product that works for you.
- Use a soft-bristled toothbrush.
- Avoid highly acidic foods.
- Use a fluoridated mouthwash daily.
- If you unconsciously grind your teeth, consider getting a mouth guard.
However, you can visit your dentist and let them find the best treatment for your sensitive teeth. If you live in Brampton, you can schedule an appointment with Roycrest Dental Center the most experienced dentist in Brampton.